Mengistu Haile Mariam

1977 – 1987
Stil Alive
Mengistu Haile Mariam
Mengistu Haile Mariam 3.jpg
Chairman of the Derg and Head of State of Ethiopia
In office
3 February 1977 – 10 September 1987
Preceded by Tafari Benti
Succeeded by Position abolished
President of Ethiopia
In office
10 September 1987 – 21 May 1991
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Tesfaye Gebre Kidan
General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Ethiopia
In office
12 September 1984 – 21 May 1991
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Tesfaye Gebre Kidan
Personal details
Born (1937-05-27) 27 May 1937 (age 76) [1]
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Political party Workers Party of Ethiopia
Spouse(s) Wubanchi Bishaw [2]
Religion Atheist (Formerly Ethiopian Orthodox) [3]

Mengistu Haile Mariam (Amharic: መንግስቱ ኃይለ ማርያም?, pronounced [mənɡɨstu haɪlə marjam]; born 27 May 1937) is an Ethiopian politician who was the most prominent officer of the Derg, the Communist military junta that governed Ethiopia from 1974 to 1987, and the President of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia from 1987 to 1991. Effectively a dictator, he oversaw the Ethiopian Red Terror of 1977–1978,[4] a campaign of repression against the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Party and other anti-Derg factions. Mengistu fled to Zimbabwe in 1991 at the conclusion of the Ethiopian Civil War and remains there despite an Ethiopian court verdict finding him guilty in absentia of genocide.[5] Some estimate that he was responsible for more than 2 million deaths.[6][7]
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