Kurt Schuschnigg

1934 – 1938
1977, Old age
Patriotic Front (Socialist)
Kurt Schuschnigg
Kurt Schuschnigg 1934.jpg
15th Federal Chancellor of Austria
In office
29 July 1934 – 11 March 1938
President Wilhelm Miklas
Deputy Ernst Rüdiger Starhemberg
Eduard Baar-Baarenfels
Ludwig Hülgerth
Edmund Glaise-Horstenau
Preceded by Ernst Rüdiger Starhemberg (acting)
Succeeded by Arthur Seyss-Inquart
Acting Federal Chancellor of Austria
In office
25 July – 26 July 1934
President Wilhelm Miklas
Preceded by Engelbert Dollfuss
Succeeded by Ernst Rüdiger Starhemberg (acting)
Personal details
Born (1897-12-14)14 December 1897
Riva del Garda, then Austria-Hungary, now Italy
Died 18 November 1977(1977-11-18) (aged 79)
Mutters, Tyrol, Austria
Political party Christian Social (1927–1933)
Patriotic Front (1933–1938)
Profession Lawyer, Professor
Religion Catholic [1]

Kurt Alois Josef Johann Schuschnigg (until 1919 Kurt Alois Josef Johann Edler von Schuschnigg,[1] 14 December 1897 – 18 November 1977) was Chancellor of the First Austrian Republic, following the assassination of his predecessor, Dr. Engelbert Dollfuss, in July 1934, until Nazi Germany’s annexing of Austria, (Anschluss), in March 1938. He was opposed to Hitler’s ambitions to absorb Austria into the Third Reich. After his efforts to keep Austria independent had failed he resigned his office. After the invasion he was arrested by the Germans, kept in solitary confinement and eventually interned in various concentration camps. He was liberated in 1945 by the advancing United States Army and spent most of the rest of his life in academia in the United States.[2]
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