Kim Jong-il

North Korea
1994–2011
Heart attack, 2011
Workers' Party of Korea (Communist)
Kim Jong-il
김정일
Kim Jong-il on August 24, 2011.jpg
Kim Jong-il on 24 August 2011
Eternal General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea (Appellation)
Incumbent
Assumed office
11 April 2012
Supreme Leader of North Korea
In office
8 July 1994 – 17 December 2011[1]
Premier Hong Song-nam
Pak Pong-ju
Kim Yong-il
Choe Yong-rim
Preceded by Kim Il-sung (as President)
Succeeded by Kim Jong-un
General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea
In office
8 October 1997 – 17 December 2011
Deputy Kim Yong-nam
Choe Yong-rim
Jo Myong-rok
Ri Yong-ho
Preceded by Kim Il-sung
Succeeded by Position abolished
(Proclaimed Eternal Party general secretary after his death)
Chairman of the National Defence Commission of North Korea
In office
9 April 1993 – 17 December 2011
Deputy Jo Myong-rok
Preceded by Kim Il-sung
Succeeded by Position abolished as Kim Jong-il was declared as the Eternal chairman on 13 April 2012
Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army
In office
24 December 1991 – 17 December 2011
Preceded by Kim Il-sung
Succeeded by Kim Jong-un[2]
Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the Workers' Party
In office
8 October 1997 – 17 December 2011
Deputy Kim Jong-un
Ri Yong-ho
Preceded by Kim Il-sung
Succeeded by Kim Jong-un
First Vice Chairman of the National Defence Commission of North Korea
In office
24 May 1990 – 9 April 1993
Leader Kim Il-sung
Preceded by Position created
Succeeded by O Chin-u
Personal details
Born (1941-02-16)16 February 1941
Vyatskoye, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (Soviet records)
(1942-02-16)16 February 1942
Baekdu Mountain, Japanese Korea (North Korean biography)[a]
Died 17 December 2011(2011-12-17) (aged 70)
Pyongyang,[3] Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Resting place Kumsusan Palace of the Sun, Pyongyang, Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Political party Workers' Party of Korea
Spouse(s) Kim Young-sook (1974–2011)
Domestic partner Song Hye-rim (1968–2002)
Ko Young-hee (1977–2004)
Kim Ok (2004–2011)
Children Kim Sul-song
Kim Jong-nam
Kim Jong-chul
Kim Jong-un
Kim Yo-jong[4]
Alma mater Kim Il-sung University
Signature
Military service
Allegiance  North Korea
Service/branch Korean People's Army
Years of service 1991–2011
Rank Taewonsu (대원수, roughly translated as Grand Marshal or Generalissimo)
Commands Supreme Commander
^ North Korean biographies, which claim his birth date as 16 February 1942, are generally not considered to be factually reliable. See below.
Kim Jong-il
Chosŏn'gŭl
Hancha
McCune–Reischauer Kim Chŏngil
Revised Romanization Gim Jeong(-)il

Kim Jong-il Korean pronunciation: [kimdʑʌŋil], also romanised as Kim Jong Il and born as Yuri Irsenovich Kim (Russian: Юрий Ирсенович Ким) (16 February 1941 – 17 December 2011[5]), was the supreme leader of North Korea (DPRK) from 1994 to 2011. He succeeded his father and founder of the DPRK Kim Il-sung following the elder Kim's death in 1994. Kim Jong-il was the general secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea, Chairman of the National Defence Commission of North Korea, and the supreme commander of the Korean People's Army, the fourth-largest standing army in the world.

In April 2009, North Korea's constitution was amended to refer to him as the "supreme leader".[6] His son Kim Jong-un was promoted to a senior position in the ruling Workers' Party and as his successor.[7] In 2010, he was ranked 31st in Forbes Magazine's List of The World's Most Powerful People.[8] The North Korean government announced his death on 19 December 2011.[5]

Following his death, he was succeeded by his third son Kim Jong-un. At the Fourth Conference of the Worker's Party of Korea and the Fifth Session of the Twelth Supreme People's Assemby, he was proclaimed the Eternal General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea and Eternal Chairman of the National Defence Commission in 2012.[9][10] His birthday is a public holiday in the country.
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