Idi Amin

Uganda
1971 – 1979
2003, Kidney failure
Military Dictator

Idi Amin
Idi Amin.jpg
Idi Amin addressing the United Nations General Assembly in New York in 1975
3rd President of Uganda
In office
25 January 1971 – 11 April 1979
Vice President Mustafa Adrisi
Preceded by Milton Obote
Succeeded by Yusufu Lule
Personal details
Born Idi Amin Dada
c. 1925
Koboko, Uganda Protectorate
Died 16 August 2003 (2003-08-16)
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Nationality Ugandan
Spouse(s) Malyamu Amin (divorced)
Kay Amin (divorced)
Nora Amin (divorced)
Madina Amin (widow)
Sarah Amin (widow)
Religion Islam
Military service
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Uganda Uganda
Service/branch British Army
Ugandan Army
Years of service 1946–1962 (UK)
1962–1979 (Uganda)
Rank Lieutenant (UK)
Field Marshal (Uganda, self-styled)
Unit King's African Rifles
Commands Commander-in-Chief of the Forces
Battles/wars Mau Mau Uprising
1971 Ugandan coup d'état
Uganda-Tanzania War

Idi Amin Dada (c. 1925 – 16 August 2003) was the third president of Uganda, from 1971 to 1979. Amin joined the British colonial regiment, the King's African Rifles in 1946, serving in Somalia, Kenya and Uganda. Eventually, Amin held the rank of major general in the post-colonial Ugandan Army and became its commander before seizing power in the military coup of January 1971, deposing Milton Obote. He later promoted himself to field marshal while he was the head of state.

Amin's rule was characterised by human rights abuse, political repression, ethnic persecution, extrajudicial killings, nepotism, corruption, and gross economic mismanagement. The number of people killed as a result of his regime is estimated by international observers and human rights groups to range from 100,000[1] to 500,000.[2]

During his years in power, Amin shifted in allegiance from being a pro-Western ruler enjoying considerable Israeli support to being backed by Libya's Muammar Gaddafi, the Soviet Union, and East Germany.[3][4][5] In 1975, Amin became the chairman of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), a Pan-Africanist group designed to promote solidarity of the African states.[6] During the 1977–1979 period, Uganda was a member of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights.[7] In 1977, when Britain broke diplomatic relations with Uganda, Amin declared he had defeated the British and added "CBE", for "Conqueror of the British Empire", to his title. Radio Uganda then announced his entire title: "his Excellency President for Life, Field Marshal Alhaji Dr. Idi Amin Dada, VC, DSO, MC, CBE".[2]

Dissent within Uganda and Amin's attempt to annex the Kagera province of Tanzania in 1978 led to the Uganda–Tanzania War and the demise of his eight-year regime, leading Amin to flee into exile to Libya and Saudi Arabia, where he lived until his death on 16 August 2003.
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