Ho Chi Minh

Vietnam
1945 - 1969
Heart attack, 1969
Communist
Ho Chi Minh
Ho Chi Minh 1946 and signature.jpg
Portrait c. 1946
Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam
In office
19 February 1951 – 2 September 1969
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Post abolished
First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam
In office
1 November 1956 – 10 September 1960
Preceded by Trường Chinh
Succeeded by Lê Duẩn
President of Vietnam
In office
2 September 1945 – 2 September 1969
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Tôn Đức Thắng
Prime Minister of Vietnam
In office
2 September 1945 – 20 September 1955
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Phạm Văn Đồng
Personal details
Born Nguyễn Sinh Cung
(1890-05-19)19 May 1890
Nghệ An Province, French Indochina
Died 2 September 1969(1969-09-02) (aged 79)
Hanoi, North Vietnam
Nationality Vietnam Vietnamese
Political party Workers’ Party of Vietnam
Signature

Hồ Chí Minh (Northern Vietnamese pronunciation : [hô t͡ɕǐ mɪŋ] ( listen), Southern Vietnamese pronunciation : [hôw t͡ɕǐj mɪ̈n] ( listen)); 19 May 1890 – 2 September 1969), born Nguyễn Sinh Cung and also known as Nguyễn Tất Thành and Nguyễn Ái Quốc, was a Vietnamese communist revolutionary leader who was prime minister (1945–1955) and president (1945–1969) of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). He was a key figure in the foundation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945, as well as the People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the Việt Cộng (NLF or VC) during the Vietnam War.

He led the Việt Minh independence movement from 1941 onward, establishing the communist-ruled Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945 and defeating the French Union in 1954 at the battle of Điện Biên Phủ. He officially stepped down from power in 1955 due to health problems, but remained a highly visible figurehead and inspiration for those Vietnamese fighting for his cause—a united, communist Vietnam—until his death. After the war, Saigon, capital of the Republic of Vietnam, was renamed Hồ Chí Minh City.