Bashar al-Assad

Syria
2000 – present
Still alive
Ba'ath Party (Socialist)
Bashar al-Assad
بشار حافظ الأسد
Bashar al-Assad (cropped).jpg
President of Syria
Incumbent
Assumed office
17 July 2000
Prime Minister Muhammad Mustafa Mero
Muhammad Naji al-Otari
Adel Safar
Riyad Farid Hijab
Omar Ibrahim Ghalawanji (Acting)
Wael Nader al-Halqi
Vice President Farouk al-Sharaa
Najah al-Attar
Preceded by Abdul Halim Khaddam (Acting)
Secretary of the Regional Command of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party of Syria
Incumbent
Assumed office
20 June 2000
Leader Abdullah al-Ahmar
Preceded by Hafez al-Assad
Personal details
Born Bashar Hafez al-Assad
(1965-09-11) 11 September 1965 (age 47)
Damascus, U.A.R
Political party Ba'ath Party
Other political
affiliations
National Progressive Front
Spouse(s) Asma al-Akhras
Children Hafez
Zein
Karim
Alma mater Damascus University
Religion Alawite
Website The President
Military service
Allegiance  Syria
Service/branch Syrian Armed Forces
Years of service 1988–
Rank Syria-Mushir.jpg Field Marshal
Unit Republican Guard
Battles/wars Syrian civil war (2011–)

Bashar Hafez al-Assad (Arabic: بشار حافظ الأسدBaššār Ḥāfiẓ al-ʾAsad, Levantine pronunciation: [baʃˈʃaːr ˈħaːfezˤ elˈʔasad]; born 11 September 1965) is the President of Syria and Regional Secretary of the Syrian-led branch of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party. He has served as President since 2000, when he succeeded his father, Hafez al-Assad, who had ruled Syria for 30 years prior to his death.

Al-Assad graduated from the medical school of the University of Damascus in 1988, and started to work as a physician in the army. Four years later, he attended postgraduate studies at the Western Eye Hospital, in London, specializing in ophthalmology. In 1994, after his elder brother Bassel, the heir apparent to their father, was killed in a car crash, Bashar was hastily recalled to Syria to take over Bassel's role. He entered the military academy, and took charge of the Syrian occupation of Lebanon in 1998. In December 2000, Assad married Asma Assad, née Akhras. Al-Assad was elected as President of Syria in 2000 and 2007, unopposed each time.[1][2]

Initially seen by the domestic and international community as a potential reformer, this expectation ceased when he ordered a mass crackdown and military sieges on protesters during the Arab Spring, which gave way to the events of the Syrian civil war.[3] The domestic Syrian opposition and large parts of the wider international community have subsequently called for al-Assad's resignation from power.[4]
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